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Studying your Map
When you first decided to start a one-
For parishes in England, you can obtain an online map showing the present-
For parishes in England & Wales, you can obtain an online map showing the parish boundaries back in 1851 through Family Search -
You can see how the parish boundaries have changed. Great Hallingbury has ceded territory, mostly to its neighbour Little Hallingbury. And, of course, the motorway now snakes through the parish!
Spot the Difference
This example is for the parish of Great Hallingbury in Essex, registered just a few days before this issue of ‘Places in Time’ was published by one-
Creekmoor & Waterloo
Creekmoor & Waterloo
Gone without a trace?
Every place is unique
The beauty of one-
Historic maps are great for revealing changes over time. Or even confirming that little has happened!
To the right we again use, as an example, the parish of Great Hallingbury in Essex. A period of 68 years separates the two Ordnance Survey maps.
Apart from the map styling, surprisingly little has changed. But take a closer look at the church. It’s transformed from St. Mary’s to St. Giles’s.
Given the church at Little Hallingbury is dedicated to St. Mary’s, it may be that the Ordnance Survey got a little confused between the two back in 1879!
When passing through a village centre, there is a natural tendency to assume it’s always been there. Sometimes we only think twice if we happen to spot a church tower or spire peaking out through the trees well away from the village.
The Black Death is believed to have entered England through the port of Weymouth in 1348.
But villages have migrated for other reasons, as the examples 70 years apart for East Lulworth (right) show.
Has your place migrated for any reason?
A similar map and survey in 1840 shows a different picture. Edward Weld’s son Thomas Weld (1750-
As well as sweeping the country, it took its toll on Dorset itself.
At Lytchett Matravers, the villagers who survived the bubonic plague left their homes around the ancient church (circled in red below) and re-
At East Lulworth in Dorset, the Weld Family have been landowners since 1641. Lulworth Castle, top left, was built between 1606 and 1610 and played host to five reigning monarchs. A survey was undertaken and a map produced for Edward Weld (1747-
In the UK, the Ordnance Survey (O.S.) has been producing maps for over 200 years. Many historic O.S. maps are available online at sites like Old Maps Online, National Library of Scotland and Vision of Britain (see Map Resources 1 page).
Studying maps from different time periods and comparing them can help you understand the history of your place. In towns the changes can be very marked.
The last of our ‘spot the difference’ map examples (right) are taken around 80 years apart. They cover the Creekmoor and Waterloo areas to the north-
Without the 1933 map to hand, someone viewing the 2014 map would have little clue as to the area’s past. So much has changed: Railway gone; Pottery gone; Brick & Tile Works gone; Creekmoor Farm gone; Bushell Mill Farm gone; Clay pits gone; Tramways gone.
Make full use of historic maps for your study area to reveal past factories, closed mines or pits, former rail links (standard gauge or narrow), filled in canals, slum clearances, former aerodromes, land lost to the sea, land reclamation etc.
The 2014 boundary map for Great Hallingbury showed the motorway snaking through the parish. In some places many properties have been compulsory purchased to make way for new road or rail links and some communities have even been divided by them. Is your study place one of them?
Be sure to check out the local record office as they often hold maps not available elsewhere, including tithe maps (see example below). Local libraries often have map cabinets with large scale maps in sheet form to view.
Please do let us know about former features of your place that you’ve identified from historic maps or even from clues in street names etc. Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org
The 1933 map shows a railway line running past Creekmoor Pottery (which has its own tramway to the pits), Creekmoor Brick & Tile Works and Broadstone Sewage Works. Apart from the main road connecting Wimborne to Poole there are relatively few roads. Some planned housing has been built south-
In the 2014 map the railway line has gone -
Map Your Study
Study Your Map
Kingston in Purbeck
The tithe map shown below confirmed that George Bagwell White (1783-
Not only was George the 4 x great grandfather of Kingston in Purbeck one-
William Morton Pitt established a rope and sail-
It gave employment to men, women and children in the 1790s but fell into decline by the 1820s.
Part of the factory wall is still visible in the boundary walls to the fields.
The field adjacent to the factory was known as Rope Walk. In the 1920s and 1930s the field was used as a cricket ground and it had a pavillion.
Neither the factory nor cricket ground appear on recent maps.
By studying historic maps you can confirm locations of things long since gone!
Maps are a fantastic resource for one-
Tithe map 1845
House & garden
Thomas Wiseman & others
House & 2 gardens
House & 3 gardens
House & garden
Carpenters shop & plot
Compare the level of the detail in the tithe map of 1845 (above) with the Ordnance Survey map of 1830 (right)
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