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1914-1918

Resources 1

War Memorials Online

IWM's War Memorials Archive is working to compile a comprehensive record of all war memorials in the UK, Channel Islands and Isle of Man to promote their appreciation, use and preservation.

You can search for information about the 65,000 war memorials they have recorded so far. The information IWM record includes the location, type, inscription and historical details of memorials. They also collect and hold lists of the names commemorated on war memorials and are currently working to make this information available online, starting with the names relating to WW1. This database is intended for release to mark the centenary of WW1 2014-18.   

WW1 cemeteries

The WW1 Cemeteries site contains photographs of all 940 cemeteries in France and Belgium of 40 or more burials visited by Sidney C. Hurst whilst compiling his 1929 book "The Silent Cities". All of these cemeteries have been personally visited and photographed by the team.

The site also contains images of over 3500 military cemeteries and memorials from all around the world.


War Graves & Memorials

IWM War Memorials Archive

Commonwealth War Graves

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission care for cemeteries and memorials at 23,000 locations in 153 countries. Their searchable casualty database lists the names and place of commemoration of the 1.7 million men and women of the Commonwealth forces who died during the two world wars.

The site holds information including such items as name, date of death, age, regiment, rank, service number, cemetery and grave reference. A ‘certificate’ in pdf format can be generated easily (see example pictured below).


Photo by Mr C E Moreton


In Memoriam 2014

War Graves Photographic Project

The original aim of The War Graves Photographic Project was to photograph every war grave, individual memorial, Ministry of Defence grave, and family memorial of serving military personnel from WWI to the present day. However, the remit has been extended to cover all nationalities and military conflicts and make these available within a searchable database.

Now working as a joint venture with the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, and assisting the Office of Australian War Graves, Canadian Veterans Affairs and the New Zealand Ministry of Heritage and Culture this will enable families, scholars and researchers to obtain a copy of the photograph of a grave or memorial which for many is impossible to visit due to the location.

This service has only been made possible through the efforts of a dedicated group of volunteers who realise the importance for families to see where their loved ones are laid to rest or commemorated.


WW1 - RESOURCES 1



 World War 1

Resource

Category:

War Memorials Online believe this to be an unprecedented opportunity for the public to upload images of war memorials and log concerns for the conservation of these important community and historical sources for future generations. With the public’s help they aim to build a complete picture of the whereabouts, type and condition of all war memorials in the UK. Register to contribute information or explore the site to find out more about war memorials.”


We provide information over four pages on just some of the many resources available to help you with your WW1 Centenary Project and research.

If you know of any resources not listed please email us at places@oneplacestudy.org

For memorials for American, Canadian and Irish Servicemen please go to WW1 Resources 4

Employer Memorials

& Rolls of Honour

The GPO released over 75,000 employees to fight in the War, including 12,000 men who fought with its own regiment, the Post Office Rifles. Their bravery, tenacity and character is well documented and earned the regiment high praise and a prestigious place in British military history. In fact, at least four former GPO employees are known to have been Victoria Cross recipients, for valour "in the face of the enemy". The GPO also became one of the largest employers of women at the time, as tens of thousands were recruited to help keep the organisation running.



GPO Workers

During WW1, Royal Mail was part of the General Post Office (GPO), along with what subsequently became British Telecommunications and Post Office Limited. The Royal Mail Group Memorial Database is a searchable database of all known memorials on former GPO sites in their care. In partnership with the British Postal Museum & Archive, Royal Mail Group have recorded and transcribed around 300 memorials. Each record includes information about the location of the memorial and names of the individuals featured on it.

Railway Workers

The National Railway Museum website contains listings of over 20,000 railway employees who died in WW1. It combines information from items in their archive and library collections (such as railway staff magazines) and information from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

If reference is made to a magazine, that means information or a photo of that railway worker was printed in the magazine issue mentioned.

Consider whether any major employers in your study area may have commissioned memorials

Check to make sure all memorials

in your study area are included.

Other employer records

Available through Findmypast:

Available through Forces War Records:

- contains details of 786 who died, 8,375 who served and summary of 127 medals & awards

de Ruvigny’s Roll of Honour

Originally compiled into 5 volumes by the 9th Marquis of Ruvigny and Raineval, it contains biographies of over 26,000 casualties of the Great War from the British Army, Navy, and Air Force. The majority of entries are for men who died in the earlier years of the war.

The length of individual entries varies considerably, from simply the name, regiment, place and date of death to very detailed biographies including witness accounts and testimonies. Around 7,000 entries include photographs.

Available through Ancestry:

Available free through archive.org:

- as above but in PDF format.

The collection contains 11 of 14 volumes of ‘The National Roll of the Great War’ as well as the ‘Birmingham Roll of Honour’. Despite ‘National’ in its title, it does not cover the whole country and, even for the areas it does cover, it is not comprehensive. The volumes are arranged geographically according to where the soldier was from and cover Birmingham, Leeds, London, Luton, Manchester, Portsmouth, Salford and Southampton. The missing volumes are for Bedford, Bradford, more of London and Northampton.

It features short biographical sketches of British soldiers who served, including some who died, in WW1. Entries were compiled by subscription with information generally submitted by family members or the soldiers themselves. Information was not verified and therefore may not be accurate.

Available through Ancestry:

Available through Findmypast :

The National Roll

Rolls of

Honour

in 1921 HSMO published on behalf of the War Office, two lists of those who died during WW1. One volume, packed with minute typescript, gave the basic details of nearly 42,000 officer casualties. It required an additional eighty volumes to list the 660,000 'other ranks' who gave their lives. Information listed about an individual may include name, birthplace, enlistment place, residence, service number, decoration, rank, regiment, battalion, type of casualty, death date, death place and theatre of war.

Available through Ancestry:

Available through Findmypast :

Available through Forces War Records:

UK Soldiers Died in Great War

For Pals Batallions’ Rolls of Honour please see WW1 Resources 3

Pals Batallions’ Rolls of Honour

This database contains the British Army Medal Rolls Index, or Medal Index Cards. The collection currently contains approximately 4.8 million people, which is nearly all of the total collection. The records can be searched by first and last name and Corps, Unit or Regiment.

Medals

& Badges

Over one million Silver War Badges were issued to WW1 servicemen honourably discharged due to illness or injury. First issued in 1916, it could be applied for by all discharged since WW1 began. Only half of those eligible to wear the badge applied for it. The amount of information listed varies, but the records usually include name, regimental number, rank, unit from which discharged, date of enlistment, date of discharge, cause of discharge, whether served overseas, Silver War badge number & date issued.

Available through Ancestry:

Available through Findmypast:

Available through  Forces War Records:


Silver War Badge holders

The DCM recognises gallantry in non-officer ranks. Bars were awarded in recognition of further acts of gallantry meriting the same award. These records list the full citations of the DCM (and second and third award bars) in WW1. The amount of information listed varies, but the records usually include first name, last name, year, regiment and citation.

Available through Ancestry:

Available through Findmypast:

Army Medal Roll Index Cards

The Medal Index Cards collection is the most complete listing of individuals who fought in the British Army in WWI, containing approximately 90 per cent of soldiers’ names.

Available through Ancestry:

For Air & Navy Medals see WW1 Resources 3

Air & Navy Medals

Click on the map below to see if there are any memorials in your one-place study area.

School/University records

Available through Forces War Records:

- roll of graduates of Cambridge University who served in the services during the Great War of 1914-18

- list published in 1917 of past & present members of the university who were serving with H.M. forces

- list of 3,541 names covering those killed, wounded and having served ‘in action’ who attended Cheltenham College

- list of those who served 1914-19

Consider whether any schools in your study area may have commissioned memorials

Photo by Susan Featherstone


Memorials can also be found in local hospitals, (especially war memorial hospitals!), golf clubs, ex-servicemen clubs etc.

In Memoriam 2014 is a national project which will, with the assistance of local communities and groups, locate, log, maintain and then protect the nation's war memorials in time for Remembrance Day 2014.


General Service Medal

Available through Forces War Records:

Victoria Cross Medal

Available through Ancestry:

Check to make sure all memorials

in your study area are included.

Check to make sure all memorials

in your study area are included.

roll-of-honour.com

The roll-of-honour.com site covers over 3,000 war memorials in the UK and some overseas. Not only does it show the names of those commemorated, but additional information has been added by volunteers.

Much of the information has been found using the Commonwealth War Graves Commission site and other sources including Soldiers Died in the Great War and Roll of Honour (see above), The Gazette, local newspapers, facts from family member's and various other pieces of information from old books and magazines.

Please note the site is displaying the following message as at 16 May 2014:

Currently we have a huge backlog of around 2,500+ memorials to put on-line and between 15,000-20,000 edits to existing memorials. This is a voluntarily run website and we are currently inundated due to the start of the centenary events marking the start of World War 1.


Available free through roll-of-honour.com:

Isle of Man Roll of Honour

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WW1 - PROJECTS

WW1 - RESOURCES 1

WW1 - RESOURCES 2

WW1 - RESOURCES 3

WW1 - RESOURCES 4

Distinguished Conduct Medals

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WW1 - PROJECTS

WW1 - RESOURCES 1

WW1 - RESOURCES 2

WW1 - RESOURCES 3

WW1 - RESOURCES 4

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